Which types of Processors are used in Smartphones?

Although a variety of CPUs are used in smartphones, ARM-based processors are the most popular. Learn all types of Processors are used in Smartphones.

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9. May 2023
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Which types of Processors are used in Smartphones?















Although a variety of CPUs are utilised in smartphones, ARM-based processors are the most popular. These processors are created by the UK-based ARM Holdings and are produced under licence by other semiconductor companies, including Qualcomm, Samsung, and MediaTek. These processors are used in smartphones.

Because they are made to be low-power and effective, ARM-based processors are perfect for usage in portable electronics like smartphones. Higher-end smartphones often include quad-core or octa-core processors, and they typically have numerous processing cores. These processors deliver strong battery life while handling demanding tasks like multitasking, gaming, and video playback.

In addition to the primary CPU, smartphones also feature specialised processors for handling different tasks, including artificial intelligence (AI), image processing, and graphics processing (GPU). Together, these processors enable a fluid and responsive user experience and support features like high-definition cameras and voice assistants.

Highlights

 

What is Processors?

In simple terms, a smartphone's processor can be thought of as a head of tiny brains that takes the form of chipsets (SOC). This processor controls all major decisions, the execution of programmes, and other functions that you might want from your phone. It is also the only component that can send commands and manage how the device as a whole operates.

The brain of a computer or other electronic device is a processor, usually referred to as a central processing unit (CPU). It is in charge of executing commands and carrying out calculations required for the gadget to operate. The processor is a tiny chip that is integrated into the hardware of other electronic devices or located on the motherboard of computers.

There are many different types of devices that use processors, including computers, smartphones, tablets, game consoles, and even some home appliances. Electronic devices are now more powerful and diverse than ever thanks to advancements in processing technology, which have significantly improved their performance and capacities.

What’s core In Best Smartphone Processor?

A processor's core is a processing unit with independent instruction execution. A processor can perform more tasks at once the more cores it has.

The finest processors for smartphones are frequently multi-core processors, ranging from dual-core to octa-core processors. Quad-core and octa-core processors are the most popular core arrangements for smartphones.

In comparison to octa-core CPUs, quad-core processors feature four processing cores. Although it's crucial to keep in mind that not all jobs necessitate multiple cores, more cores generally equate to higher performance and more fluid multitasking. One core can effectively perform some tasks, such as email checking and web browsing.

The performance of a smartphone processor is affected by other variables in addition to the number of cores, including clock speed, cache capacity, and the manufacturing process. The Apple A-series, Samsung Exynos, and Qualcomm Snapdragon series are some of the top smartphone processors currently on the market.

Best Processor For Mobile Phone

The "best" CPU for a mobile device will rely on the user's particular demands and tastes as there are a number of high-performance processors available. Nevertheless, the following are some of the best mobile phone CPUs on the market right now:

Qualcomm Snapdragon 888 

This processor, which offers high performance and power economy, is now regarded as one of the best ones for Android devices. It includes an Adreno 660 GPU and an octa-core CPU with a maximum 2.84 GHz clock speed.

Apple A14 Bionic

One of the newest and quickest processors on the market, this one is found in the most recent iPhone models. It comes with a quad-core GPU and a hexa-core CPU.

Samsung Exynos 2100

Some Samsung Galaxy smartphones feature this chipset, which provides exceptional performance and power economy. It has a Mali-G78 MP14 GPU and an octa-core CPU with a maximum clock speed of 2.9 GHz.

MediaTek Dimensity 1200

For the budget, this processor is a popular option for mid-range smartphones and provides decent performance. It has an ARM Mali-G77 MC9 GPU and an octa-core CPU that can run at up to 3.0 GHz.

The ideal processor for a mobile phone will ultimately depend on the user's needs (such as gaming, multitasking, or photography), their budget, and the features and capabilities of the phone in question.

Types of Processor Used in Mobile Phones

1. Qualcomm Snapdragon Processors

The Qualcomm Snapdragon processor family is a group of mobile CPUs created by Qualcomm, a top supplier of semiconductors. These CPUs are well-known for their performance, power efficiency, and cutting-edge capabilities and are found in a variety of smartphones and other mobile devices.

A multi-core CPU, GPU, and other processing units including digital signal processors (DSPs) and neural processing units (NPUs) are included in Snapdragon processors, which are based on the ARM architecture. They are built to provide excellent performance while using less energy than CPUs from earlier generations.

From entry-level chips to top-of-the-line CPUs for flagship devices, Qualcomm provides a selection of Snapdragon processors. Several of the well-known Snapdragon processors are:

  • Snapdragon 888 - High-end smartphones use this chipset, which is Qualcomm's flagship model for 2021. It has an octa-core CPU, an Adreno 660 GPU, and 5G networking capability.

 

  • Snapdragon 865 - This processor, which has an octa-core CPU, Adreno 650 GPU, and support for 5G connectivity, is found in several high-end smartphones that were released in 2020.

 

  • Snapdragon 765 - This chip supports 5G connectivity and has an octa-core CPU, Adreno 620 GPU, and is utilised in mid-range smartphones.

 

  • Snapdragon 450 - This chipset supports Full HD+ displays, has an octa-core CPU, and an Adreno 506 GPU. It is utilised in entry-level smartphones.

 

Overall, Qualcomm Snapdragon processors are renowned for their power efficiency, performance, and cutting-edge features including support for 5G connectivity, AI processing, and camera capabilities.

2. Apple Smartphone processors

Apple Inc. produces a range of mobile CPUs called Apple smartphone processors for its iPhone line of smartphones. These processors are made by Apple and are meant to offer excellent performance, low power consumption, and cutting-edge functionality.

Apple's processors have a proprietary architecture and have a CPU, GPU, and other processing units like the Secure Enclave and Neural Engine that were specifically created for them. They are made to function perfectly with Apple's iOS operating system and additional hardware, like the camera and display.

The following are a few of the well-known Apple smartphone processors:

  • A14 Bionic - This processor, which has a hexa-core CPU, quad-core GPU, and 16-core Neural Engine, is utilised in the iPhone 12 series. It has high performance and power efficiency and is tailored for machine learning operations.

 

  • A13 Bionic - This processor, which has a hexa-core CPU, quad-core GPU, and an eight-core neural engine, is utilised in the iPhone 11 series. It performs more quickly and uses less power than its predecessor, the A12 Bionic.

 

  • A12 Bionic - This processor, which has a hexa-core CPU, quad-core GPU, and an eight-core neural engine, is found in the iPhone XS, XS Max, and XR. Compared to the A11 Bionic's previous iteration, it delivers better performance and power efficiency.

 

Apple's smartphone CPUs are renowned for their performance that leads the industry, power economy, and cutting-edge features like security and machine learning. The company's emphasis on combining hardware and software optimisation results in a quick user interface and fluid performance on their devices.

3. MediaTek  

A number of mobile processors and other semiconductor products are produced by MediaTek, a top fabless semiconductor manufacturer with its headquarters in Taiwan. Smartphones, tablets, smart TVs, and other electronic devices all employ CPUs from MediaTek.

The ARM-based processors from MediaTek have a multi-core CPU, GPU, and other processing units like DSPs, NPUs, and ISPs. They are preferred by emerging market smartphone manufacturers because they are made to provide excellent performance at a reasonable price.

Some popular MediaTek smartphone processors are listed here:

  • Dimensity 1200 - This processor, which supports 5G connectivity and has an octa-core CPU and Mali-G77 MC9 GPU, is seen in high-end smartphones.

 

  • Helio G95 - With an octa-core CPU, Mali-G76 MC4 GPU, and support for gaming-specific technologies like HyperEngine 2.0 and Dual Wi-Fi, this processor is used in mid-range smartphones.

 

  • Helio P35 - The PowerVR GE8320 GPU, an octa-core CPU, support for AI processing, and dual camera configurations are all included in this processor, which is used in entry-level smartphones.

 

The low cost and respectable performance of MediaTek CPUs are well known. Additionally, MediaTek provides specialised CPUs like the AI-focused A-series processors and the gaming-oriented G-series processors. Smartphone makers frequently use MediaTek because of their emphasis on offering competitively priced processors with cutting-edge functionality, especially in developing regions.

4. Exynos Processors

Exynos is a brand of mobile CPUs that Samsung Electronics creates and produces for its smartphones and other mobile devices. These processors, which are based on the ARM architecture, are renowned for their potency, advanced features, and performance.

Some Popular Exyons Processors are listed here: 

  • Exynos 2100 - This processor, which has an octa-core CPU, Mali-G78 MP14 GPU, and capabilities for 5G connectivity, is found in Samsung's top devices like the Galaxy S21.

 

  • Exynos 990 - This processor supports 5G connectivity and has an octa-core CPU, Mali-G77 MP11 GPU, and is found in the Galaxy S20 and Note 20 line of smartphones.

 

  • Exynos 9611 - This processor, which has an octa-core CPU, a Mali-G72 MP3 GPU, and capabilities for AI processing, is found in mid-range Samsung smartphones like the Galaxy M31.

 

Exynos processors are renowned for their powerful performance, low power usage, and cutting-edge capabilities including support for 5G connectivity, AI processing, and high-resolution screens. Samsung develops and manufactures these processors internally, enabling them to perfect the interaction between their hardware and software. On Samsung's smartphones, this leads to a better user experience and performance.

5. Kirin Processors Series

Huawei Technologies develops and manufactures mobile processors under the Kirin brand for use in smartphones and other portable electronics. These ARM-based processors are renowned for their great performance, power efficiency, and sophisticated features.

Some Popular Kirin Processors are listed here:

  • Kirin 9000 - The Mate 40 Pro and other premium smartphones from Huawei employ this processor, which has an octa-core CPU, Mali-G78 MP24 GPU, and compatibility for 5G connectivity.

 

  • Kirin 990 - With an octa-core CPU, Mali-G76 MP16 GPU, and support for 5G connectivity, this processor is found in the Huawei P40 and Mate 30 series.

 

  • Kirin 710 - This processor, which has an octa-core CPU, Mali-G51 MP4 GPU, and capabilities for AI processing, is used in mid-range Huawei smartphones like the Nova 5i.

 

High performance, battery efficiency, and cutting-edge capabilities like compatibility for 5G connectivity and AI processing are all hallmarks of Kirin CPUs. Because Huawei develops and produces these CPUs in-house, they can perfectly tune their hardware and software to work together. On Huawei's smartphones, this leads to a better user experience and performance.

 

Note - We can not guarantee that the information on this page is 100% correct. Some article is created with help of AI.

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