What Is a Therapy Cat and What Do They Do?

Discover the benefits of therapy cats for emotional support & companionship. Learn how these trained felines enhance well-being.

Pets Blog
15. Aug 2023
What Is a Therapy Cat and What Do They Do?

A therapy cat is a trained and well-behaved feline that provides emotional support, comfort, and companionship to people in various settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes, schools, rehabilitation centers, and even private homes. Therapy cats are distinct from service animals, as they are not trained to perform specific tasks for individuals with disabilities.

The human-animal bond has long been recognized for its therapeutic potential, fostering emotional well-being and overall quality of life. Within this context, therapy animals, including therapy cats, have gained prominence for their ability to provide support, comfort, and companionship to individuals facing various challenges. This article aims to delve into the significance of therapy cats in nurturing the pet-owner relationship and elucidate their potential benefits in promoting emotional and psychological health.

The Role of Therapy Cats

Therapy cats are specially trained felines that offer emotional support and companionship to individuals in diverse settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and even private residences. Their calming presence and innate ability to establish rapport contribute to alleviating stress, anxiety, and feelings of loneliness in people of all ages.

Benefits for Pet Owners

The presence of a therapy cat can significantly enhance the well-being of pet owners. These felines offer a sense of unconditional love and non-judgmental companionship, helping individuals navigate through emotional turbulence, traumatic experiences, or periods of isolation. The tactile interaction, such as petting or simply being in the presence of a therapy cat, triggers the release of oxytocin and serotonin, hormones associated with bonding and stress reduction.

Promoting Emotional Well-being

Therapy cats play a pivotal role in promoting emotional well-being by providing a source of comfort during times of distress. The rhythmic motion of petting a cat has a soothing effect on the nervous system, leading to a reduction in heart rate and blood pressure. This physical interaction fosters a meditative state, enabling individuals to temporarily escape from their worries and focus on the present moment.

Enhancing Social Interaction

Individuals who may struggle with social interactions or communication find therapy cats to be invaluable companions. These animals act as a bridge between individuals, promoting conversations and interactions that may not have otherwise occurred. For example, therapy cats in hospital settings have been observed to encourage patients to engage in dialogue with healthcare providers and other patients, facilitating the formation of connections.

Impact on Mental Health

Therapy cats contribute significantly to managing mental health conditions, such as anxiety and depression. The companionship they offer can combat feelings of loneliness and isolation, fostering a sense of purpose and belonging. Engaging with therapy cats also stimulates the production of endorphins, which are natural mood enhancers.

What Does a Therapy Cat Do?

Emotional Support - Therapy cats provide emotional comfort and companionship to individuals who may be experiencing stress, anxiety, loneliness, or other emotional challenges.

Reducing Stress and Anxiety - Interacting with a friendly and calm therapy cat can help reduce stress and anxiety levels in people. The act of petting or simply being around a cat can trigger the release of oxytocin, a hormone that promotes feelings of relaxation and well-being.

Mood Enhancement - Spending time with a therapy cat can improve mood and boost feelings of happiness. The soothing presence of a cat can help alleviate feelings of sadness or depression.

Physical Interaction - Therapy cats may engage in gentle physical interactions, such as being petted, cuddled, or held by individuals seeking comfort.

Distraction and Entertainment - The playful and curious nature of cats can provide entertainment and distraction for individuals in various settings, helping to take their minds off their worries or concerns.

Social Interaction - Therapy cats can facilitate social interactions among people. Their presence can create opportunities for conversations and connections, especially in group settings.

Promoting Relaxation - The rhythmic purring and gentle movements of a therapy cat can have a calming effect on those around them, promoting a sense of relaxation and tranquility.

Providing a Sense of Normalcy - In healthcare or institutional settings, having a therapy cat around can create a more homely and less clinical atmosphere, making the environment feel more comfortable and familiar.

Support for Special Populations - Therapy cats can be particularly beneficial for individuals with Alzheimer's disease, dementia, or other cognitive impairments. The cats can provide a source of sensory stimulation and positive emotional experiences.

Assistance in Rehabilitation - In rehabilitation centers, therapy cats can motivate individuals to engage in physical or cognitive activities, as interactions with the cats can be used as rewards or incentives.


The presence of therapy cats has emerged as a powerful means of enhancing the pet-owner relationship and bolstering emotional well-being. These specially trained felines provide a unique form of companionship that transcends words, making them a valuable asset in various therapeutic settings. As the recognition of therapy cats' positive impact continues to grow, further research and integration of these animals into diverse contexts can contribute to a more compassionate and emotionally resilient society.


What is a therapy cat?

A therapy cat is a specially trained feline that provides emotional support, comfort, and companionship to individuals in various settings, such as hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and private residences. Their calming presence and interactions have therapeutic benefits for people facing challenges.

How do therapy cats differ from service animals?

Service animals, including guide dogs, are trained to perform specific tasks to assist individuals with disabilities. Therapy cats, on the other hand, focus on providing emotional support and comfort without performing tasks that aid with daily living activities.

What are the benefits of having a therapy cat?

Therapy cats offer a range of benefits, including reduced stress and anxiety, improved mood, and enhanced emotional well-being. Their presence can provide companionship and alleviate feelings of loneliness, particularly in individuals experiencing trauma, isolation, or medical treatments.

How are therapy cats trained?

Therapy cats undergo specialized training to develop calm and friendly behaviors. They are exposed to various environments, noises, and interactions to ensure they remain composed in diverse situations. Training also includes obedience, socialization, and comfort-building techniques.

Can anyone have a therapy cat?

While therapy cats can positively impact many people, not all cats are suitable for therapy work. Cats need to exhibit a calm demeanor, be comfortable around strangers, and respond well to handling. Owners interested in having a therapy cat should consult with professionals who specialize in animal-assisted therapy.

How do therapy cats benefit individuals in hospitals and healthcare facilities?

In healthcare settings, therapy cats can help alleviate patient anxiety, improve mood, and create a positive distraction from medical procedures. Their presence often encourages patients to engage in social interactions, which can contribute to a more positive healing experience.

Are therapy cats only beneficial for individuals with mental health challenges?

No, therapy cats can benefit a wide range of individuals, including those facing physical challenges, medical treatments, or emotional difficulties. Their calming influence and companionship can be valuable to anyone in need of emotional support.

Can therapy cats help children and students?

Yes, therapy cats are effective in school settings as well. They can reduce stress during exams, create a comforting environment for children with learning difficulties, and promote positive social interactions among students.

How do therapy cats promote social interaction?

Therapy cats act as "icebreakers" in social situations. Their presence encourages conversations and interactions between individuals who might not have otherwise engaged. This is particularly helpful for individuals who struggle with social interactions.

How can I determine if my cat is suitable for therapy work?

Assessing a cat's suitability for therapy work involves observing their temperament, behavior around strangers, and their response to new environments. Consulting with professionals experienced in animal-assisted therapy can help evaluate whether your cat has the potential to become a therapy cat.


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