Periodontal Disease in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Periodontal disease affects your dog's mouth, but it can also damage other key organs and result in heart disease because bacteria from the mouth can enter the blood stream and deposit in the area around the heart.

Pets Blog
3. Apr 2023
Periodontal Disease in Dogs - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Periodontal disease has a serious influence on your dog's oral health as well as her general health and welfare. Here our expert describe the illness, its signs, causes, and available treatments. Besides, advice on how to avoid problems with oral health.

What is periodontal disease in dogs?

Bacteria from periodontitis can infect your dog's mouth. The majority of the time, this disease creeps into the mouth without any noticeable symptoms or signs until it has advanced. Nevertheless, gum disease can result in tooth and bone loss, chronic pain, and gum erosive disease. The structures that hold the teeth in place can also deteriorate or disappear.

When food and bacteria build up along the gum line and are not removed during routine teeth brushing, they can develop into plaque and harden into calculus, or tartar, as we know it today. The gum line and adjacent regions become irritated and inflamed as a result (the condition is also referred to as gingivitis). This is the beginning stages of gum disease.

Symptoms of periodontal disease in dogs

There are a few telltale signs of canine periodontitis that pet owners should keep an eye out for, including:

  • Discolored teeth (brown or yellow)
  • Bleeding or inflamed gums
  • Loose or missing teeth
  • Bad breath (halitosis)
  • Irritability
  • Weight loss
  • Drop in appetite
  • Bloody or “ropey” saliva
  • Excessive drooling
  • Blood on chew toys or in the water bowl
  • During chewing, favoring one side of the mouth


By the time your dog exhibits signs of advanced periodontitis, he or she may be be experiencing severe chronic pain, which causes our pets to naturally separate themselves in order to not attract predators.

Periodontal disease affects your dog's mouth, but it can also damage other key organs and result in heart disease because bacteria from the mouth can enter the blood stream and deposit in the area around the heart.

What causes periodontal disease?

Plaque, which forms when bacteria in your dog's mouth combine with other minerals and become hard in two to three days, can form over time. The teeth subsequently develop calculus, which becomes harder to remove with a scraper.

The immune system will start to combat this bacterial buildup, leading to reactions like swollen gums and more overt symptoms of gum disease.

Environmental factors include grooming practises (does your dog constantly lick himself?), unclean toys, the alignment of the teeth (puppies with crowded teeth are more prone to gum disease), and dental hygiene can also play a role in whether your dog will develop periodontal disease.

What are the treatments for dog periodontal disease?

The price of dental operations, such teeth cleanings, can vary significantly based on your veterinarian's degree of care, your pet's demands, and other elements. Before being put under anaesthesia, your pet will need to have blood testing done to make sure she is healthy enough for the drug, which might pose issues for dogs with organ illnesses.

Any dental procedure should contain:

  • A full set of radiographs for the teeth
  • IV fluids and an IV catheter
  • Blood tests done before surgery
  • Warm air circulation to keep the patient warm when under anaesthesia
  • Oxygen, inhaled anaesthetic, and endotracheal intubation
  • Anesthesia surveillance
  • Gingival area scaling, polishing, and lavage
  • If any extractions are required, local anaesthetic with novocaine will be used.
  • During and after the surgery, pain medication


How can I keep my dog's teeth healthy and avoid periodontal disease?

Fortunately, we can avoid periodontal disease in our dogs, and if it does develop, it can be treated and reversed if caught early.

Don't disregard or put off taking care of your dog's dental health. They need routine dental visits to maintain good oral hygiene and recognise any problems, just like their people. At least once a year, your dog should visit the vet to have her oral health examined.

Also, you'll have the chance to ask any queries you may have about at-home maintenance and learn how frequently your pet needs to visit the dentist for professional dental cleanings (as those with issues may need to come more frequently).

Between sessions, brush your dog's teeth every day to stop bacteria and plaque from establishing a footing in order to prevent problems from becoming unmanageable circumstances (choose a toothpaste made specially for dogs).

In order to combat dental disease and stop the growth of tartar, there are also dental chews, dog food, and chew toys available. Fair warning, though: do not attempt to substitute brushing with them; rather, consider them an addition to routine oral care). Make an appointment right away if you feel your gums are inflamed or swollen, missing teeth, or even changes in your appetite.

Note - The information in this article is meant to be informative only; it does not constitute veterinary advice for pets. Please schedule an appointment with your veterinarian for a proper diagnosis of your pet's disease.


Note - We can not guarantee that the information on this page is 100% correct. Some article is created with help of AI.


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