Machine Learning vs Artificial Intelligence - What is Difference?

Machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI), despite the fact that you might believe they are the same thing, are fundamentally different.

28. Mar 2023
Machine Learning vs Artificial Intelligence - What is Difference?

In the technical industry, a number of buzzwords with various meanings are regularly employed. Examples include machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI). They are not the same, despite their connection. We'll look at the differences between AI and ML, their applications, and their future.

What Is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

Building robots that are capable of learning, problem-solving, making judgements, and all other tasks traditionally carried out by the human mind is the focus of the field of artificial intelligence (AI), a subfield of computer science and engineering.

AI can be defined as a machine's capacity to think and act relatively human-like in its most basic form. AI systems must process enormous amounts of data in order to identify patterns and insights that individuals might not immediately see. These systems can then use the knowledge they have learned to make decisions, resolve problems, or carry out tasks.

There have been discussions concerning artificial intelligence (AI) since the 1950s. The bar for AI has now been lifted by recent advancements in processing power, huge data, and machine learning approaches. With applications like virtual assistants, recommendation engines, and driverless cars, AI is already an essential part of our daily life. And it's possible that AI will affect a lot more facets of daily life in the future.

What Is Machine Learning (ML)?

Machine learning (ML), a subset of artificial intelligence, focuses on developing techniques and models that enable computers to learn from experience and improve over time without explicit programming. To put it another way, it is a method for teaching computers how to perform specific jobs by giving them data and allowing them to learn from it.

Predictive analytics, natural language processing, picture and audio identification, and other industries can all benefit from the automatic pattern spotting and learning capabilities of machine learning (ML) algorithms.

Reinforcement learning, unsupervised learning, and supervised learning are the three subcategories of machine learning. In supervised learning, the computer is taught using a dataset that has been labelled with the outputs of each input. By learning the correlation between the input and output variables using this labelled data, the computer can forecast outputs for fresh inputs.

After being given an unlabeled dataset, unsupervised learning requires the computer to identify patterns and relationships on its own. Last but not least, reinforcement learning involves interacting with the environment and receiving feedback in the form of rewards or penalties for specific actions. This method helps computers learn new skills.

It is possible for machines to learn from data and make predictions or choices using a variety of methodologies and algorithms, which are included in the broader field of machine learning. Similar to this, deep learning is a subfield of machine learning that involves training artificial neural networks to recognise patterns and make predictions by exposing them to enormous amounts of data. Thus, deep learning is a highly specialised and sophisticated sort of machine learning that uses multiple-layer artificial neural networks to identify complex patterns and correlations in the data.

Main Differences Between AI and ML

Even while AI and ML are closely related, they differ from one another in a number of important ways. Some of the main differences between AI and ML include the ones listed below:

  • Scope : ML is one of many methodologies in the broad field of artificial intelligence. In contrast, the goal of ML, a subfield of AI, is to employ statistical models and algorithms to aid computers in learning from data and making predictions or decisions.
  • Approach : A frequent AI tactic is to create algorithms that closely resemble human cognition and decision-making processes. In contrast, the primary objective of ML is to train algorithms on data to uncover connections and patterns that can be used to make predictions or decisions.
  • Data Requirements : Using pre-programmed rules and heuristics, AI systems can be constructed to work with small datasets or even no data at all. To uncover patterns and links, however, ML systems must be trained on large datasets.
  • Flexibility : Although AI algorithms can be created to handle a wide range of activities, they are typically customised for specific jobs. On the other hand, ML algorithms are often more versatile and can be utilised to handle a wide range of concerns and obstacles.
  • Human Involvement : Building algorithms for AI is frequently a precursor to or replacement for human decision-making or capabilities. Yet, ML is typically used to automate monotonous tasks or assist with human decision-making.


AI is a bigger discipline that encompasses many techniques, including ML, with a focus on emulating human cognition and decision-making processes. Contrarily, the objective of machine learning is to empower computers to learn from data and make predictions or judgements.

Applications of AI and ML

Applications for AI and ML are numerous, including:

  • Natural Linguistic Processing (NLP) : Applications include language translation, sentiment analysis, speech recognition, and chatbots.
  • Applications in the financial sector include portfolio optimisation, risk management, and fraud detection.
  • Systems for making recommendations : Examples include recommending both things and media, such as books and movies.
  • A few applications for AI picture and video recognition technology include face identification, object detection, and scene recognition.
  • Drones and self-driving cars are two examples of autonomous vehicles in use today.
  • Applications in the healthcare sector include planning for diagnosis and treatment, discovering novel medications, and keeping track of patients.


The potential of AI and ML to bring about disruptive improvements in numerous sectors is becoming increasingly apparent as their applications become more diversified and complex. Because they enable businesses and organisations to streamline operations, reduce costs, and make better decisions, these technologies are poised to have a significant impact on the future of several industries.

Benefits and Drawbacks of AI and Machine Learning

Artificial intelligence and Machine learning are two of today's most intriguing and exciting technologies. 

They have the ability to alter a number of aspects of our lives, including as our interpersonal interactions, our interactions with others and our environment, as well as how we work and learn. Although AI and ML have numerous benefits, there are also important ethical considerations that must be made.

Concerns exist, for instance, regarding how AI may impact employment and the economy. Also, it's critical to guarantee that new technologies are developed and applied in a manner that respects people's privacy and autonomy.

AI and Machine Learning Have Significant Impact

The two technologies that are transforming many parts of our existence, AI and ML, are different but related. Although machine learning (ML) is a specific technology used in the subject of artificial intelligence, AI is a much larger field that includes many other technologies.

In the coming years, a number of industries stand to be significantly altered by AI and ML. They have numerous uses in industries like healthcare, banking, and transportation. Like any new technology, they also raise important societal and ethical issues that must be resolved.


Note - We can not guarantee that the information on this page is 100% correct.


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