How To Use Jupyter Notebook on Windows, Linux, and macOS?

Master Jupyter Notebook on Windows, Linux, and macOS with our comprehensive guide. Learn setup, navigation, and coding in this versatile environment.

6. Jan 2024
How To Use Jupyter Notebook on Windows, Linux, and macOS?

Proficiently utilizing Jupyter Notebook on various operating systems is essential for maximizing its versatile features. No matter the operating system (Windows, Linux, or macOS), using Jupyter Notebook efficiently requires a thorough understanding of its installation procedure, user interface, and basic features. Once these are mastered, Jupyter Notebook's full capability may be easily accessed by users. Here's an in-depth guide on effectively utilizing Jupyter Notebook on various platforms:

What is Jupyter Notebook?

Jupyter Notebook is an open-source web app enabling users to craft documents integrating live code, equations, visuals, and text. It supports several languages and is mostly for Python, but it also promotes an interactive coding environment. Its cell-based structure supports multimedia, LaTeX equations, Markdown text, and code. Individual code cell execution by users makes data analysis, documentation, and iterative development easier. It is this combination of text, code, and graphics that makes activities like machine learning, scientific inquiry, and data exploration possible. It simplifies processes and is perfect for educational and cooperative projects since it seamlessly combines code execution, visualization, and explanatory text in a single document.

How to Install Jupyter Notebook?

Windows: To get started, install Python first using the Anaconda distribution to simplify the setup process. Install pip to get Jupyter and use Anaconda Navigator or the command line to access it. Start Jupyter Notebook using the command line or the Navigator for easy use and workflow integration.

Linux: Using package managers like pip or conda, installing Jupyter Notebook via a terminal is easy for Linux users. Verify that Python is installed, and then run the installation script to provide smooth access to Jupyter Notebook for effective use and workflow.

macOS: Installing on macOS is similar to Linux: use package managers or the Anaconda distribution. Install Jupyter Notebook using pip or conda via the terminal after setting up Python. Users on macOS may access Jupyter Notebook with ease thanks to this simple approach, which promotes productivity and simplified functionality.

Launch Jupyter Notebook for the First Gime

Launching Jupyter Notebook for the first time involves initiating a local server and accessing the Jupyter environment through a web browser. Here's a step-by-step guide tailored to various operating systems:

Launch Jupyter Notebook on Windows

Anaconda Navigator Method:

1. Open Anaconda Navigator

  • Navigate to the Start menu and search for "Anaconda Navigator."
  • Launch Anaconda Navigator.
  • Locate Jupyter Notebook in the list of available applications.
  • Click on "Launch" next to Jupyter Notebook.


2. Command Prompt Method

2.1 Open Command Prompt:

  • Access the Start menu and search for "Command Prompt."
  • Open Command Prompt.


2.2 Initiate Jupyter Notebook:

  • Type jupyter notebook within the Command Prompt.
  • Press Enter to execute the command.
  • A local server will start, and Jupyter Notebook will automatically open in your default web browser.


Launch Jupyter Notebook on macOS and Linux

Terminal Method (Applicable to both macOS and Linux):

1. Open Terminal

  • On macOS, locate Terminal through Applications > Utilities > Terminal.
  • On Linux, access Terminal through the Applications menu or by pressing Ctrl + Alt + T.


2. Launch Jupyter Notebook

  • Input jupyter notebook in the Terminal.
  • Press Enter to start the local server.
  • Jupyter Notebook will open automatically in the default web browser.


Accessing Jupyter Notebook

Upon successful execution, your default web browser will display the Jupyter Notebook interface, typically accessible at http://localhost:8888/tree.This interface resembles a file explorer, allowing navigation through directories, creation of new notebooks, and access to existing ones.

From this interface, users can initiate new notebooks, execute code within cells, write explanatory text using Markdown, create visualizations, and collaborate on projects.

Shutdown Procedure

To terminate the Jupyter Notebook server:

  • Close the web browser tab with the Jupyter interface.
  • Return to the Command Prompt or Terminal window where the server was initiated.
  • Press Ctrl + C to stop the server.
  • Confirm shutdown by entering y and pressing Enter.


This proper shutdown process ensures the cessation of the local server, freeing up resources and concluding the Jupyter Notebook session.

Launching Jupyter Notebook initiates an interactive environment conducive to coding, data analysis, and collaborative projects, empowering users to seamlessly integrate code execution, documentation, and visualization within a single platform.

How to write and execute code in Jupyter Notebook?

Writing and executing code in Jupyter Notebook involves using cells to input and run code snippets. Here's a step-by-step guide:

Writing Code

1. Create a New Notebook:

  • Click on "New" in the Notebook Dashboard.
  • Select the desired kernel (e.g., Python) to create a new notebook.
  • A new notebook tab will open, displaying an empty cell for code input.


2. Add Code in Cells:

  • Click on the empty cell to select it.
  • Type or paste your code snippet into the cell.


Executing Code

1. Running Code Cells:

  • To execute a code cell, select it by clicking on it.
  • Press Shift + Enter or use the "Run" button in the toolbar.
  • The code executes, and the output (if any) appears below the cell.


2. Viewing Output:

  • The output of the executed code (e.g., printed text, results of calculations, visualizations) appears directly below the cell.
  • For visualizations (plots, graphs), they often render as part of the notebook.


Cell Types

Code Cells:

  • Used for writing and executing code.
  • To change a cell to a code cell, select the cell, and in the toolbar, choose "Code" from the dropdown menu.


Markdown Cells:

  • Used for text, explanations, or documentation.
  • To create a markdown cell, select a cell, and in the toolbar, choose "Markdown" from the dropdown menu.


Code Execution Order

  • Jupyter Notebook maintains an execution order for cells, indicated by the number in the square brackets [ ] on the left side of each cell.
  • The numbers indicate the order in which cells were executed. Cells executed earlier display lower numbers.


Additional Tips

  • Use comments(#) in code cells for explanations and annotations.
  • Keep cells concise and focused on specific tasks or code segments.
  • Organize code by using multiple cells for clarity and readability.


Jupyter Notebook may be used on Windows, Linux, or macOS by following a standard set of instructions, which allows users to take use of its capabilities on a variety of operating systems. Gaining proficiency with this adaptable tool increases output, promotes effective teamwork, and gives users the freedom to easily investigate novel data-driven solutions.

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